Technology disinfection grain


                                                                            Director of "GRASP"

                                                                          PR Simonian



                                                                               "17" October 2014






For disinfection of quarantine and quarantine facilities

        Preparations based on aluminum and magnesium phosphide

ON THE COURTS In sea and river ports of UKRAIN , in freight containers, railway cars, elevators, warehouses


(Approved by Order number 7 / adm. By 01.09.2014.)





Main Department GosSanEpidemNadzor

water transport

(Expert opinion from 01.12.2014g. № 2519/02)


 ODESSA - 2014


            This technological instruction is designed in accordance with the requirements of the Law of Ukraine "On Plant Quarantine", "Pro zabezpechennya sanіtarnogo that epіdemіchnogo blagopoluchchya population", "About pesticides i agrohіmіkati", "On Protection of natural navkolishnogo seredovischa", "On Protection pratsі", "Recommendations on safe use of pesticides in ships' by the International Maritime Organization (IMO - International Maritime Organization 2002), "Interim Regulations on technology and security for disinfection of grain and agricultural preparations based on phosphine on ships sailing charter of Ukraine" in 1999, the State Health Regulations "Transport, storage and use of pesticides in the national economy» № and "Safety instructions for the storage, transportation and use of pesticides in agriculture" and is intended for internal use of "GRASP".

            This instruction defines the techniques and technology of disinfection in transit and at the pier and wood grain cargo in the holds of ships, containers, silos, warehouses, railway cars using drugs based on phosphine entered in the Register of pesticides approved for use in Ukraine. And the way a fumigation company with the consent of the organizing state structures. 

        Disinfection (fumigation) of agricultural, forestry and industrial products, containers, warehouses, cars, holds of ships, etc. gaseous pesticides - fumigants - one of the most effective methods of preventing the spread of harmful species of fauna, including the quarantine zones, between countries and within countries. 

An ideal fumigant should have the following properties:

low-cost, highly toxic to insects in the absence of danger to human, good penetration, not adsorbed products have warning properties (smell), not to cause side effects (corrosion), not to be explosive, well kept, do not induce resistance in insects. The search for such a drug is constantly maintained.

Phosphine - one of the fumigant, which is practically not sorbed grain, legumes and other agricultural products, timber, has a warning odor and does not accumulate in the human body; not held in open spaces, hazardous concentrations can arise only in isolated areas. 


2.     Physical and chemical properties of preparations based on PHOSPHINE


Phosphine - chemical formula PH3 ;

 molecular weight - 34.04;

Gas 1.5 times heavier than air;

Boiling point - 87 ° C below zero;

freezing point - 133,5 ° C below zero;

latent heat of vaporization - 102.6 cal / g;

the lower limit of explosiveness - 1.79% by volume air;

smell - like the smell of carbide.

The gas pressure (atm.) At a temperature of 0 ° C - 21.6; 20 ° C - 34.2; 40 ° C - 51.9.

Capable of spontaneous combustion of liquid droplet in contact with moisture.

The lower threshold of spontaneous combustion of 26-28 mg / l.


The smell of gas at a concentration of phosphine felt 0,02-0,04mg / cbm Maximum allowable concentration of phosphine MPC adopted in Ukraine for air in the working area is 0.1 mg / cu. In the United States, Britain, Bulgaria and other countries. 0,1ppm (0.14 mg / cubic meter), and safe when exposed for 15 minutes without respiratory protection, emergency concentration - STEL - equal to 0,6 ppm (0.8 mg / cu.m.). MPC for air and indoor air is 0.01 mg / m ..

Phosphine has no effect on steel, galvanized and tin plate, wood, silk and cotton fabrics, burlap, canvas. Causes severe oxidation of copper objects. Highly soluble in water.

Preparations in the form of tablets, pellets of aluminum phosphide are manufactured in Germany, entitled "Fostoksin" as tablets and powder in the United States under the name "Fumitoksin" and "dethia" "Fosco" "Fostek" Production and Brazil "Geliofos" "Alfos "Chinese origin. In Germany, moreover, are manufactured on the basis of the phosphide formulation in the form of magnesium granules and tablets entitled "Magtoksin" as single slabs - "Pleyts" joined pieces 16 "strips."

        Granules and tablets of drugs made of pressed components: aluminum phosphide and carbamate Amon - and covered from the outside with paraffin. Tablets containing aluminum phosphide and stabilizers to prevent its rapid decomposition. Granule diameter 9 mm, length of 7 mm, weight 0.6 g tablets 19 mm in diameter, 6 mm in length, 3 g weight                                          

                                                                                                                                                                  При взаимодействии фосфида алюминия с влагой воздуха или продукции выделяется фосфористый водород, остается гидроокись алюминия – порошок светло-серого цвета, который удаляется аспирацией или сепарированием и не влияет на качество продукции.

The reaction takes place according to the formulas:     

АLP + 3H2O ® AL(OH)3 + PH3.

MgP + 3H2O = Mg(OH)3 + PH3.

Because the components are compressed and preparations are composed of paraffin, the decomposition reaction of aluminum phosphide according to the starting conditions over 1-4 hours after exposure to moisture.

Tablets or pellets are completely decomposed for 12-48 hours. The decomposition is faster the higher the temperature and the humidity in the air. When decomposing one granule is released - 0.2 g phosphine, decomposition of one tablet - 1 g

Part of the ammonium carbamate decomposes drugs with the release of ammonia. Carbon dioxide and ammonia reduces the explosiveness phosphine.

Ammonium carbamate decomposition reaction occurs according to the formula:

NH4NH2CO2  ® 2NH3 + CO2.

Slow decomposition of the pellets and tablets also reduces explosivity as gradual release phosphide precludes the formation of high concentrations of gas, but at the same time, necessitating long exposure.




Fumigation - the process of release of toxic gas in a confined space in order to destroy pests stocks.

Fumigation in transit should be carried out only at the discretion of the ship's captain. This is a clear need to understand the shipowners, charterers and all other interested parties when considering the transport of cargo which may be infected.

Works on decontamination of grain in the holds of ships from pests, as well as for preventive purposes only executed fumigatsilnnymi companies with a license to carry out these works and legally responsible for the quality of work performed.

 Fumigation of cargo in the holds is performed only after loading the entire vessel and includes the following process steps:

· Preliminary work.

· Tab drug.

· Exposure.

· Degassing.




Fumigation company previously received a request for the execution of works and information from agentiruyuschih firms of their estimated time of arrival and loading of the vessel, indicating the country where you want to load and the number of tons.

According to the "Guidelines for the safe use of pesticides in ships' by the International Maritime Organization (IMO - International Maritime Organization in 2002, which has undergone a cargo fumigation automatically goes into the category of dangerous goods and, accordingly, the Court of sea and river fleets, which is supposed to load disinfection preparations based on phosphine must meet the following requirements, which are monitored by specialists fumotryada:

- Have a mechanical system for opening and closing the hold covers;

- Have forced ventilation of residential, working and office space;

- Ventilation of holds should not pass through work, service and accommodations of the vessel;

- Have the opinion of the International Maritime Register on the transport of dangerous goods;

- Must be provided with gas detection and personal protective equipment, first aid kit first aid in case of poisoning with phosphine.

Inspection of the holds to determine the readiness of the vessel to the fumigation is recommended prior to its loading, when the hold is still empty. Inspection of the holds of the vessel should include the following:

1. Check the tightness of hatch covers, ventilation hatches and other closures;

2. The structure and systems, such as cofferdams, pipelines, tunnels, bilges, fire protection systems, wiring, etc., through which the gas can penetrate into other rooms;

3. with special attention to inspect the cargo holds, held under the setting of the vessel or with a common bulkhead with living quarters, ensure their full integrity and the impossibility of penetration of gas to residential areas;

At the end of the inspection hatch fumigator is " Act of readiness of cargo holds of the vessel for fumigation ", which noted the validity of each of the hold to the fumigation. If a hold is unfit for fumigation, the act shall state the reason. This act shall be signed by the captain of the ship and fumigator or person in charge, replacing the captain. (Appendix number 2)

The representative of the master of the vessel fumotryada presents under the signature of the following documents"predfumigatsionnoe Official Notice" (Annex number 1), " Safety in flight, during degassing and unloading of cargo "(Appendix number 4), "Fire-fighting measures and personal protective equipment" ( Appendix № 5), "List of gas analysis and gazozaschity funds transferred to the ship fumigation company" (Appendix № 6), "The list of medicines and medical equipment needed for first aid in case of poisoning with phosphine" (Prlozhenie number 7), " the instrumental arrangement of points tightness control holds before the flight and Instruction measured concentrations of phosphine "(Appendix number 9) and introduces the captain with the technique of personal and public safety, fire safety, personal protective equipment, symptoms of poisoning and first aid. Instructs the responsible person designated by the master, and gives him a copy of the instructions for use of the fumigant and holds an inspection report signed by the fumigator and responsible person, provide the following information:

1. The list of holds to be fumigated;

2. Methods tab fumigant;

3. precautions during the voyage, the symptoms of poisoning methods of first aid;

4. That the two crew members have been instructed on the use of personal protective equipment and gas analyzers on board;

5. The list of buildings and open spaces of the vessel which must be checked in flight for gas leaks at least once a day;

6. User ventilation of holds and actions of the crew in the event of a gas leak;

7. fire safety, means and methods of extinguishing a fumigant.

Based on the inspection of the vessel at the data, and based on the structural features of the vessel, the physicochemical properties of the fumigant, temperature and nature of the cargo, its moisture content, duration of the voyage, and other factors to determine the possibility, conditions and technologies for effective disinfection of cargo.

In view of the selected disinfection technology specialist fumotryada determines the flow rate in each hold a preparation containing phosphine, charts and entering the drug load distribution or load it on the surface of what constitutes a "Fumigation plan "(Appendix №3), which is issued under the signature of the ship's captain .

Upon completion of all preparatory operations specialist fumigation company checks the performance of all works and is "Act vessel's readiness for gassing" (Appendix number 8)

According to "Temporary Instruction ..." : Responsible for fumigation give the Master of the vessel under the signature means gas analysis and gazozaschity:

a) two protivogaznye panoramic mask;

b) four gas filter;

c) manual gas analyzer (aspirator);

d) 30 detector tubes to determine safe concentrations of phosphine (at a dose of 0,01-0,30 ppm - 10 pcs., in a dose of 0,1- 4,0 ppm - 20 pieces).

Means gas analysis and respiratory protection are supplied to the vessel with the design features of the ship and the duration of the voyage. At the same time gas analysis tools must be accompanied by the relevant international standards or certificates of State Standard of Ukraine, allowing the use of these devices in the country.        

According to the recommendations of the IMO:

n. "Checking the gas concentration in the holds, as well as in residential and industrial premises, vessel, should be carried out during the voyage, at least every eight hours or more frequently if recommended by the representative of the fumigation company. The reading should be recorded in the logbook. "

That is, at least three times a day is necessary to conduct measurements of gases. If the gas concentration is not present, one open indicator tube can be used for 24 hours, provided that the stored with sealed ends. Then the tubes are intensively consumed during degassing in the port of destination. As for respiratory protection, the number of masks and filters defined by the necessary number of crew members involved in opening and closing the hatch covers and metering. Therefore, the required number determines the responsible representative of fumigation fumigation company. She, the company supplies these components, but it does not mean that it should do so at their own expense.


Equipment and clothing, used for fumigation work :

- A metal tube with twist-sections for the introduction of tablets or granules to the desired depth of the cargo;                                                                                                                                    

- Gas analyzer for monitoring the concentration of gas in the work area;

- Psychrometer to measure humidity, pipe probe for measuring the temperature of the grain;

- Panoramic masks and filters for respiratory protection;

- Easily ventilated (cotton jacket and pants, leather shoes) overalls;

- Head helmet to protect your head;

- Mittens or gloves to protect your hands;

- Adhesive tape, foam, plastic film for additional sealing holds;


3.2.                       fumigation transit. TAB PREPARATION


Upon completion of loading of the ship and the preparatory work proceed directly to the introduction of drugs based on phosphine (tablets, pills, fumislivov) in the cargo in the holds of the vessel.

The period of drug administration on the basis of phosphine in the hold, windows and doors superstructure of the vessel must be battened down, and the ventilation system add-ons must be enabled.

Crew members are not related to carrying out fumigation work should be removed from the cargo deck. After the completion of all preparatory work fumotryada representative responsible specialist crew conducted a final inspection vessel's readiness for fumigation:

- Designated areas of the vessel, which are subject to control on the content of phosphine during the voyage and unloading of cargo under fumigation;

- Fumigation is carried out to check the readiness of equipment and means of protection;

- Defines the responsibilities of each person skilled in the fumigation;

- Prior to the fumigation carried out instructing the crew (minimum 2 persons appointed by the master of the vessel) Safety and provision of first pomoschi.Posle these activities fumotryad starts decontamination shipping method most appropriate under these conditions.




Depending on the country of destination and duration of the flight, the design features of the vessel, cargo temperature, its humidity, and other factors determine the effective decontamination technology cargo. Fumigation may be carried out:

- An active manner (using a recirculation unit);

- Passive way;

 Share preparation method in grain selected based on the method of fumigation requirements imposed by the importing country grain fumigation passed and duration of the transition:

- Short probe (tab drug with a short probe);

- Deep probing (tab drug with a long probe);

- Trenched in fumisleeves (tab drug using fumisliv); passively FUMIGATION


A probe, which is a hollow tube with a diameter of 30-35 mm, consisting of screwed knees every 1-1.5 meters, tablets are made as follows:


1. From the width of the hold (from side to side) are outlined in terms of administration, every 1.5-2 m. The first and last point of entry shall not be closer than 1.5 m. From the coaming.

2. At a distance of 1.5-2m. second row, but with respect to the first staggered. (Fig. №1) first leg of the probe, which is cut at an angle of 45 ° and a movable cover that prevents the probe into the grain when it is immersed in an embankment, entered vertically in the grain mass, and as you go deeper it is screwed following knee, the second knee probe - the third, etc. as needed, depending on the method tabs fumigant.

3. When the maximum immersion of the probe in the first point specialist fumigation opens a jar of preparation and pre-calculated fumigation plan specifies how many pills he needs to make a point. For example: the rate of application of the drug is defined in the 1.2 g / cubic meter. Volume of 10,000 cubic meters of hold Hence one need hold 12,000 of phosphine. If you are using a tablet Fostoksin, magtoksina, fosteka, geliofosa, you need 12,000 or 36,000 tablets of the drug, since each tablet releases 1 g of phosphine.

4. If the width of the hold scheduled drug injection points 5 and 8 along the length of the hold, the total number of input points is 40 (5x8). This means that at each point must be made in the grain mound 300 tablets of the drug (12,000 tablets: 40 input points).


After completion of the work on the same hold professionals moving to the next, trying to treat the holds in the wind.Bookmark tablets made with fully open vessels themselves with a mask in the "at the ready" (gas mask around his neck, or lying next to it) as in the initial period (1-2 hours) in the air does not create a dangerous concentration of phosphine.

In case of interruption phase bookmark fumigant for meteorological reasons (rain, snow, heavy fog, etc.) - When the distribution of the fumigant in the remaining hold postponed indefinitely - subsequent work to introduce them into the body of the goods or their distribution on the surface of the load must be carried out subject to control workplace air cargo on deck and in the holds of experts fumotryada using PPE in position "at the ready".

Immediately after the Bookmarks preparations crew members allocated captain shut processed hold in its stowed position, if necessary, the additional sealing.

Upon completion of closing, securing and sealing of holds on them, as well as on the hatches manhole glued warning stickers. These warning signs should indicate the name of the fumigant and the date and time of the beginning and end of the fumigation.

 Active way FUMIGATION


System recycling set in the holds of the vessel to accelerate the fumigation of cargo in transit and accelerate the degassing it in the port of discharge to avoid demurrage.

Recirculation system consists of the following components:

1.      The lower pipe . Includes a perforated plastic pipe with a diameter of 100 mm, which are laid on the bottom of the hold as a ring and is attached to the bottom with tape or foam. Ring of perforated pipe is attached by means of a tee-piece plastic tube that leads to the top of the manhole cargo hold. Tubing is attached to the ramp and hold the top of the manhole is connected to the outlet of the fan.

2.      The upper pipe . Includes an integral plastic pipe diameter of 100 mm which is attached to the suction port of the fan and is displayed in the upper part of the surface of the cargo hold. The upper end of the tube is connected whole ten meters perforated pipe for air intake from nadzernovogo hold space. The end of this tube is sealed with adhesive tape to prevent ingress of grain in the pipeline.


Sets the lower and upper solid recirculation piping is made prior to loading. Top piping is to the top of the coaming in the hold and fixed rope. In the process of loading the fan is installed and connected to the pipeline and marine power.At the end of the loading shifting of cargo in the hold, ten feet of perforated pipe is connected to the whole and serves as the combustion air (gas mixture) from the surface of the cargo. Then, in consultation with the captain of the ship made the introduction of the fumigant (tablets) in the grain. Hold is closed and the recirculation fans.       

To prevent damage to pipelines recirculation system, the following precautions should be taken during loading of grain:

- At the beginning of loading, in the first step is to sprinkle the perimeter of the conduit at the bottom of the hold in order to prevent its displacement or damage.

- In the process of loading ensure that the pipeline has not broken the top, tie up to the top of the hold rope.

If the damage is one of the pipelines recirculation system becomes inefficient and lock the pipeline could lead to dangerous overheating of the fan during the voyage.

In the case of pipeline damage during loading should immediately repair the damage. Otherwise, the conduit is filled with grain and restore it will be practically impossible.


After carrying out of works on fumigation fumigation company prepares and issues a "fumigation certificate" (application number 10)



The exposition - the isolation and exposure of toxic gas in a confined space in order to destroy pests stocks.

     The countdown begins exposure after the completion of the tab fumigant all ship's hold.

            After bookmark fumigant representative of fumigation should remain on board as long as the gas in fumigated cargo spaces reaches a high enough concentration to detect any possible leaks or until until fumigated cargo is unloaded (in the case of performing all steps from the fumigation berth) and in any case ensure safety of the crew.

            During the flight crew members, appointed captain, carry out regular patrols of the vessel (the deck, residential public and office premises, inspections should be conducted during the voyage or berthing, every eight hours or more readings should be recorded in the logbook .. If you experience odor resembling rotting fish, garlic or industrial carbide characteristic when a phosphine carry out test measurements concentration in indoor air in accordance with the procedure.

Keep in mind that odors (paint, engine oil, fuel, etc.) can clog the smells of phosphine, so in places with foreign odors (for example in the engine compartment) is necessary to measure the concentration of phosphine is not relying on the sense of smell. Log in poorly ventilated spaces is not permitted when using personal protective equipment and under the supervision of a second crew member.

 Except in cases of emergency, cargo spaces sealed for fumigation in transit should never be opened to the sea and they have no one should enter. If necessary, the inputs must be at least two people in the appropriate personal protective equipment, all wearing seat belts attached to the cable, the cable controls the people outside this room, also equipped with a compressed air machine.

Before the arrival of the vessel, usually not less than 24 hours, the master shall inform the relevant authorities of the country and the ports of call that fumigation is carried out in transit. This information should include the type of fumigant used, the date of fumigation, the cargo spaces where fumigation, information on whether the ventilation is started. On arrival at the port of landing, the master must also provide this information.


      5. degassing


      Degassing - the process of removing the toxic gas from the space under fumigation or products.

      Degassing of cargo carried in the holds of active or passive way. To accelerate its use of active ventilation using ventilation hatch. When degassing must carefully observe safety precautions.

     Before opening the vent heads holds the vessel must be battened down the windows and doors in the room ADE configuration, and removed from the deck of persons who are not performing work for degassing.

Degassing is best done in crosswinds.

When you first open the passive degassing metal lids, moving across the deck into the wind and making a break for 20 minutes after the opening of each of the hold, and then open the vent pipe.

Active degassing by means of the ventilation system of the vessel is carried out for about two hours in the summer and four - in the autumn-winter period, pre-opening manholes tambuchin, fans and air fence openings. When this period is fully open lid holds.

During the summer, the ventilation system of the vessel shall be operated for the supply of outside air into the holds, and in winter - on its suction from the holds, if the device allows it.

Not earlier than 1 hour after the opening of all holds and manhole covers, removed from the grain residue decomposition products on the basis of phosphine and fans off recirculation system specialist fumotryada determines the content of phosphine in the air above the surface of the grain at a height of 0.5-1.0 m. And in the intergranular space at a depth of 0.3 m from the surface at points where the grain was sampled for analysis. The measurement results are recorded in the logbook. Extracted residues decomposition products leave at least 20-30 minutes. open deck holds about downwind to further remove excess phosphine. They are then placed in containers (boxes, barrels, bags) is not dense and close the lid. Beyond that are taken in a prepared place, consistent with the state sanitary authorities, such as the city dump household waste.

      Provided the content of phosphine in the air above the surface of the grain at a height of 0.5-1.0 m of 0.1 mg / cubic meter, in the intergranular space to a depth of 0.3 m. From the surface of the grain does not exceed 5.0 mg / cu. m., a specialist fumotryada in agreement with the Sanitary Inspection, gives permission for inspection by telephone grain samples to determine the quality of grain fumigation on bioindicators, as well as samples taken at accessible depths.

       If the concentration of phosphine at these points exceeds these values, an expert in fumigation repeated analyzes after 1 h. Additional degassing.

       Grain inspection and sampling may only be fully open manhole covers and holds only in the case if the concentration of phosphine in all holds corresponds to the above regulations.

       In the process of unloading specialist fumigation periodically monitors the content of phosphine in the working area of ​​dockers, especially near the loading hatches cars.

       If the content of phosphine in the working zone exceeds 0.1 mg / cu.m, grain unloading stopped for 1 hour. For additional degassing.

      It is forbidden to go down in the hold with a partially unloaded grain without first checking the ambient air over the surface of the grain in the presence of phosphine.

       Sampling air from the holds with partially unloaded grain is only permitted from the deck through rubber or PVC pipes probes lowered into the hold to the grain surface at points where the grain was sampled for analysis.

        Permission to hold the trigger gives specialist fumigation and only if the air above the surface of the grain at a height of 0,5-1,0 m phosphine content does not exceed 0.1 mg / cu.m.

        In the manhole hatches can be lowered only after the complete liberation of their grain.

        The descent of man into the hold and work it in the hold with a partially unloaded grain should be carried out in the safety belt with safety tip. On the deck at this time should be another person who is obliged to continuously observe the descent, or working in the hold. Both of these individuals Responsibilities carry personal respiratory protection (masks).

          All orders for admission to the production of works, the descent into the hold, mopping necessarily drawn in a special measurement and production work specialist fumigation indicating someone who, when given the order, as well as the start and completion of the work in these areas. 



Fumigation of container at the port before loading on the vessel must be carried out on a special fumigation site. In accordance with the requirements of para. 6.5.5. State sanitary rules "Transport, storage and use of pesticides in the national economy» № - prohibited from gassing facilities located at a distance of less than 200 m. From the residential and 100 m. From the production areas and railroad tracks.

Checking for leaks and all repair work to ensure the tightness must be carried out before loading the container.

            Before the start of fumigation disinfection specialist company will carefully examine the readiness of technical equipment, as well as the readiness of the object to the decontamination (blinds containers must be sealed with adhesive tape or thick paper, container doors are checked for tightness closing, no skew) and only after that gives an indication of the beginning of the .

 Around the containers at a distance of not less than 10 m ropes made fencing (fence) with red flags and warning signs installed approved sample. Signs must be clearly visible, and at night illuminated.

After the completion of all operations related to the preparation of the object to the decontamination, the head of fumigation by telephone notify the Port Authority (the object), and gossanepidsluzhby State Inspectorate for Plant Quarantine of preparedness for the decontamination of containerized cargo with an indication of the drugs.

Since the end of the preparation of containers for disinfecting all the processing time at a minimum distance of 50 m from the object to be fumigated set upwind post duty professional detachment. He sees to it that in the protection zone, fencing ropes (fence), do not pass, persons not involved in the fumigation.

After making a fumigant doors are closed and sealed, they attached a sticker "danger" in which shall be the date and time of fumigation and the type of fumigant used.

If prior to the complete degassing container must be loaded on the ship for further transport, while the sludge container between the introduction of the fumigant and loading on board the vessel must be fumigated with phosphine - 48 hours. This time is sufficient to ensure an airtight container or to restore its integrity in case of detection of gas leaks.When container fumigation in transit master of the vessel must have on board PPE and gas analysis.

Container, closed after degassing, when you reopen must be additionally vented because of possible desorption of gas from the fumigated products.



7.FUMIGATSIYA WOOD FOSFSNOM in the holds of ships in transit.

Studies on the phosphine fumigation of wood conducted by scientists in the United States, Australia, China and New Zealand, Russia, Turkey and others. Countries. According to the mode of disinfection products (Methodical, normative guidance "quarantine fumigation" - 2001.) Suggests the following disinfection:

 Technology fumigation wood heavily infested by pests .

Cargo, raw wood, mostly freshly sawn pine logs neokorennye, stowed in the holds of ships. Flight time, on average, ranges from 3 to 18 days. Given that moist wood, and wood, quickly and in a sufficiently large amount adsorbs phosphine, the following technology. After loading timber in the hold, laid fumigant aluminum phosphide (granules fumislivah or blankets) at a dose of 2.0 g / m 3 for phosphine (6.0 g / m 3 aluminum phosphide). Hold sealed and ship out in flight. The total exposure time is between 3 to 5 days. After that, the hold ventilated before the arrival of the vessel at the port. The technology, which guarantees 100% mortality of all stages of bark beetles, requires that the average concentration for 5 days was not less than 200 ppm.

Preventive fumigation

               Technology debarked timber fumigation with phosphine in the holds of ships following in Turkey. In the holds of ships with an established system of recirculation and air temperature in the hold of 15 0 C and above, the dosage is 0.8 - 1.0 g / m 3 phosphine (2.4 g / m 3 of aluminum phosphide) and exposure of 3 to 5 days. Without recirculation system for holds depth of 5 m or less and a temperature of 15 to 20 0 C, the dosage of 0.85 g / m 3 phosphine (2.55 g / m 3 ) and exposure from 3 to 5 days or more, the same depth and holds the temperature above 20 c. C - the dosage can be reduced to 0.8 g / m 3 phosphine. Holds for a depth of 5 meters and a temperature of 15 0 C and above, the dosage should be 1.2 g / m 3 phosphine (3.6 g / m 3 of aluminum phosphide), exposure from 3 to 5 days and more.

Fumigation of timber is permitted preparations based on aluminum phosphide when the air temperature from + 5 gr. C and above, preparations based on magnesium phosphide - 0 c. C and above.

In view of the strong wood moisture and condensate, which is going on inside of hatch covers, fumislivy (with aluminum phosphide tablets) are closed by drops from the top with plastic wrap in the form of a closed top and an open bottom of the cone. Fumislivy attached so as not to contact with the bulkheads, and wet wood.

8. Preparation of elevators, HSP, warehouses, processing and DR. Enterprises to conduct OBEZZZARAZHIVANIYA.

              Before carrying out all kinds of disinfection (fumigation 
spray disinfestation) compulsorily 
carried out mechanical cleaning to be disinfected 
objects. To prevent the spread of pests and dust mechanical treatment should usually be performed using industrial vacuum cleaners.

   In warehouses subjected to mechanical cleaning of walls, partitions, beams, pillars, roof, eaves, ceilings, floors, windows, 
doors, panels, ladders, and the base frame of the upper conveyor, 
the lower gallery, the upper and lower conveyors, discharging 
trucks and other equipment. In salaries, equipped with stationary units for aeration of grain and Chanels, purified channels and grids of these installations.

Wooden planks at the door and remove the baseboards, clean space under them and are placed on a place only after disinfection warehouse.

Available in cement and asphalt floors, cracks and potholes scrub, crack pre-embroider. After the end of disinfection these places buried cement or asphalt.

Free grain warehouses to be spray pest control after mechanical cleaning flushed with water under pressure.Warehouses, subject to fumigation and disinfestation spray washed after exposure and their complete degassing.

Prior to the fumigation of grain or products subjected to mechanical cleaning of the free part of the room, beams, cornices, columns, windows, doors, and so on. N., Sheltering and grain stacks with tarpaulin products and taking other precautions to prevent the ingress of dust and litter and grain products .

Simultaneously with warehouses cleaning subjected all related facilities and lines for threading grain.

 In elevators, after the liberation from the remnants of a grain silo equipment allowed to idle for 10-15 minutes with included suction while the upper and lower hatches Silo valves must be open.

Cleaning of elevators, as well as drying and cleaning, threshing and cleaning towers and dryers are starting from the upper floors. Subjected to cleaning the walls, floors, ceilings of all rooms, silos, bins intake, selling, weighing device, grain cleaning equipment, drying mine, diffusers, piping, head and shoes elevators, norijnye tube and tape them, conveyors, gravity, fans, dust chamber , filters, cyclones and other equipment. In the elevator silos pay special attention to cleaning the cones and outlets, as well as the upper part of the walls and the upper part of Silo, where as a result of condensation and accumulation of organic dust in a thick, difficult to remove crust.

Cleaning of premises businesses start with obmetaniya ceilings, beams and upper parts of the walls. Then clean all equipment, including not working, sweep off the lower part of the walls, floors cleaned, removing spillage from the equipment of cracks, potholes, from under the baseboards.

 In carrying out mechanical cleaning equipment it is partially dismantled.

Disassembly of equipment is made in the smallest possible volume determined by the Commission conducting a preliminary survey, but sufficient to completely clean it and create the conditions for free access to the drug.

Cleaning of equipment is carried out as follows:

purified ruffs norijnye pipes and gravity materialoprovody, receivers and discharger; in noriyah especially carefully cleaned head, shoes, buckets and tape;

all augers, and others redlery purified conveying equipment inside and outside;

cleaning hatches open and clean the entire network of aspiration;

purified roller cones, valtsedekovyh machines sitoveek, hammer mills, hulling and other machines from the accumulated therein product and dust;

sieving dismantle and clean all frames with screens, are separated and purified Sifter wooden pipes; Screen frames stacked in piles with a gasket between the wooden beams;

purified by magnetic cell phones and electromagnetic separators;

open box filters, and purified by shaking their sleeves;

separators and other grain-cleaning machines clean sieve, sieve frames, frame, pipes suction channels; clear all bins; in the case of damage to the metal plating bins, it is removed to remove accumulated between the walls and lining the coffers of the product, and restore after fumigation; clean the spaces between the bins and the walls of the room;baseboards and floor elevators in areas where the probability of spills or grain products, opened the space underneath and clean after disinfection reduced.

 To prevent leakage of gas or aerosol during fumigation or aerosol disinfestation after mechanical treatment is carried out sealing disinfected objects.

In the preparation of the object to seal the fumigation is carried out very carefully, and buried everything, even small, cracks in the walls, roof, windows, doors, and so on. N., Through which gas may leak.

In warehouses pay special attention to sealing roofs, roof of junctions with walls, gables, window and door openings, external openings of channels active ventilation IPT airslides.

When fumigation wooden warehouses make continuous greasing manholes and cracks.

In factories, elevators, cleaning and drying and threshing and cleaning towers, dryers gated overlapping flaps and sealed with sealing compound or tape facing the outside vents and other openings, cover and seal communicating with other spaces gallery, suction pipes and materialoprovody, enterprises sealed all sewer starts.

  Before disinfection elevators precast concrete around the perimeter of silage sealed enclosure mounting gap between the upper edges of the walls of the silo and nadsilosnymi plates, as well as connecting joints silo bottom, consisting of prefabricated elements.

  In all cases, in preparation for disinfection in silos sealed cracks in the valve outlet hatch, and the junction of the metal cone with concrete.

 During the sealing gap aperture and sealed from the outside.

In multi-storey buildings, where it is impossible to conduct sealing the outside of the permitted sealing in the upper floors on the inside, with a mandatory pre-treatment is embedded spaces. From inside the sealed well bore and the gaps between the upper edges of silos and silo nadsilosnoy stove in casings elevators.

 Slots and openings are sealed with thick paper, adhesive plastic tape, or buried structure, manufactured according to the following formulation:

two buckets of sand and one bucket of clay diluted with water and mix thoroughly until smooth.

  For sealing windows and doors, as well as leaving out large holes - stationary nozzle channels for active ventilation and airslides, where they exit ventilation and aspiration pipe holes selling pipes Silo, places of escape conveyors in warehouses and so on. N., Unloading, loading , manholes and other hatches silos in which the fumigation of grain, hold hatches, windows and doors of warehouses is advisable to use synthetic film: polyamide (PC-4, Perfol), PVC (B-118), polyethylene (thickness not less than 100 microns).

  In those cases that require a small amount of sealing (sealing entry jobs in gaziruemy object pipeline or hose feed fumigant, sealing leaks and fumigant t. N., Is convenient to use clay.

  Be sure to check the state seal on the eve of decontamination work, and watching him during the exposure found a gas leak additionally sealed.

  For the timely and proper conduct of sealing responsible business leaders. Supervisor of decontamination instructs the selected object employees about what works for sealing must be carried out, and also takes the finished works.




      Processing products preparations based on phosphine poses a risk of fire, because fire and accompanied by the release of an explosive phosphine gas, the lower explosion limit of which is 1.79-1.89% by volume or 23,8-26,4 g / m .

      In case of contact of liquid droplet of water directly on the preparation process of decomposition and release of phosphine products is greatly enhanced with the release of a large amount of heat, which can cause spontaneous combustion of phosphine and create an explosive situation. These conditions can promote the formation of a diphosphine - combustible gas, having the ability to self-ignite in air.

      When working with couples on the basis of phosphine should be observed requirements for fire and explosion hazard.

It is prohibited to treat the preparations based on phosphine grain having a moisture content below 15%. When humidity below 15%, the decomposition reaction of phosphine aluminum or magnesium, and therefore there is a delay in ports of discharge, the court may arrive with unmetabolized drug.

Do not allow the direct contact of the product with a phosphine-based water or any other liquid.

Do not use the period of work with preparations based on phosphine open fire sources (gas-welding works carried out, smoking, etc.), as well as to carry out repair work at a distance closer than 5 m. From the fumigated cargo holds.

All work on the preparations based on phosphine and with the remnants of their decomposition must be conducted outdoors. In the case of self-ignition or ignition residue decomposition products should be taken to extinguish the fire.Work to extinguish the fire in the truck and carried out in closed premises contained breathing apparatus compressed air (which is on board with a spare can of compressed air must be at least three pieces). Fire suppression on open decks carried gas masks with panoramic filter element against phosphine or carbon monoxide. For extinguishing agents used phosphine extinguishing powder extinguishers OP-5, etc., as well as the means at hand: sand, soda, chalk, talc, graphite.

It is prohibited to use water to extinguish it and foam fire extinguishers.


         10.SREDSTVA respiratory protection .


      Phosphine is toxic, getting into the body through the respiratory system. Interaction of phosphine gas with the skin is not dangerous. As a result, to protect against the damaging effect of phosphine is used only personal respiratory protective filter masks and self-contained breathing apparatus.


      10.1. Filter masks


In the domestic production of gas masks for protection against phosphine used filter canisters E (black box) and BCF (box protective green). Box with a white stripe fitted with aerosol filter, providing protection against the fumigant in the presence of dust, smoke, fog.

      Protective action of phosphine at a concentration of phosphine 10 mg / cubic meter. is:

- Boxes for the brand E - 360 minutes (with aerosol filter -120 minutes);

- For boxes BKF 110 minutes.

At lower concentrations, the duration of the protective effect of boxes increases.

If the phosphine concentration not exceeding 50 MPC (5 mg / cu.m.) Then can be used to protect M protivogaznye boxes intended for protection against carbon monoxide in the presence of pollutants, including hydrogen phosphide.

      To preserve the protective properties of the mask of his box should be protected from knocks. Battered and beaten box (by shaking the contents of which falls out) must be replaced. Each box must be provided with a passport, which is written to the weight of her work, the duration of its use and the weight at the end of work. The same is done after each use of the box. With an increase in weight compared to the original '35 replaced by a new box.

      Otrabotanom protivogaznyh boxes is determined by the appearance of a gas mask slightest foreign smell. In this case, exit from the working area and replaced by a new box.

      Panoramic gas mask issued dimensionless, they have a convenient system of individual adjustment by means of belts.

      To test the assembled mask for leaks must be put on the face gas mask with filter, close the hole in the bottom of the box with his hand and try to make 3-4 deep breaths. If this is not possible, the mask is assembled correctly and sealed. If the air you breathe passes, use the mask can not.


10.2. Contained breathing DEVICES


      With the lack of free oxygen in the air (oxygen RC - 18 vol.%) And also when the composition of toxic contaminants in the atmosphere, or unknown concentrations of toxic gases and vapors so high (over 0,5ob.%), Which are difficult to arrest by filtration, used self-contained breathing apparatus type "PN-2", which provide admission to the respiratory system from outside the clean air, free of contaminants.

In addition to the courts, there are self-contained breathing apparatus - compressed air devices such as DIA-2.

      The use of self-contained breathing apparatus compressed air produced by members of the crew who have undergone special training in accordance with the instructions for use of these devices.


          11. MEASURES personal and public safety .


According to the Law of Ukraine "On Pesticides and Agrochemicals", transportation, storage and application of pesticides and agricultural chemicals should be carried out in accordance with the State Health Regulations "Transport, storage and use of pesticides in the national economy" and "Safety instructions for the storage, transportation and use of pesticides in agriculture ", responsible for compliance with these rules shall be those applying pesticides and agrochemicals.

By carrying out decontamination work load on the marine and river vessels allowed persons at least 18 years that have passed a medical examination and received a positive medical conclusion, specially trained to work with pesticides, well knowing their properties, able to use protective equipment, and to provide first aid fumigants.

Prohibited from admission to work with fumigants persons with contraindications to perform work on decontamination of cargo on ships, as well as incapable of work for a long time in a gas mask on the conclusion of the doctor.

When working on the cargo deck and in the holds at the time of bookmarks fumigant must be at least three people, one representative specialists fumotryada periodically monitors to the zone of the fumigation did not get involved in the fumigation is not a person.

Head decontamination work load using a gas analyzer and detector tubes is a lack of systematic monitoring of phosphine (or its presence within limits) in the working area and in case of detection of pesticide concentrations greater than 0.1 mg / m³. immediately take measures to ensure the safety of people.

       Supervisor of the fumigation of cargo on board instructs safety precautions, first aid measures, checks PPE and RPE each employee group.

Workers with complaints about health or did not pass safety training, to work on fumigation is not allowed.

When you are finished with the preparations phosphine should take a shower, change clothes and underwear. On clothing removes dust, then she carefully ventilated air.

Eating and smoking is permitted in designated areas on the ship and only after washing your hands.

Work on fumigation (input products phosphine) can be carried out around the clock in providing port authorities, ship vessel holds sufficient lighting and pier (at least 50lk.)

Total working hours in jobs related to phosphine must not exceed 4 hours. In the days of the phosphine fumigants employees receive free detachment of special food on the established norms.

In some cases, the fumigation team, sanitary epidemic station and the corresponding services of the port are required to take additional safety measures, based on the specific conditions of disinfection of cargo, especially in emergency situations.





Phosphine is a poison, acting mainly on the nervous system and the metabolism. Also affects the blood vessels, respiratory system, kidneys, liver. Poison enters the body through the respiratory system. If swallowed, the drug appears gastrointestinal symptoms - vomiting, stomach pain, dizziness.

For the human body is a danger as a short-term inhalation of high concentrations of gas and prolonged inhalation of low concentrations of hydrogen phosphide.

Taken to distinguish between acute and chronic poisoning phosphine. Acute poisoning in turn subdivided into mild, moderate and severe.

In mild cases of acute poisoning observed pain in the diaphragm, smack in the back, feeling cold, and later developed bronchitis.

In the case of medium gravity - fear, chills, vomiting, feeling of tightness in the chest, a sharp gasp, retrosternal pain, sometimes a dry cough, burning pain in the back of the head, dizziness, tinnitus, weakness, coated tongue, loss of appetite, thirst.

At long the body is hydrogen phosphide in small quantities may occur chronic poisoning poison, characterized by the following symptoms: visual disturbances, accommodation gait and speech, weakness, bronchitis, indigestion, anemia, leukopenia, fatty degeneration of the liver.

Cumulated activities in preparation is not observed.


          13. The pre-hospital care .


At the first sign of poisoning with phosphine, entering the body through the respiratory tract, should immediately move the patient from the danger zone, to remove his clothing and place in a warm, well ventilated room. Use oxygen bag.Drink black coffee or strong tea, put hot water bottles to the extremities.

In case of loss of consciousness, to bring to the nose ammonia, when you stop breathing, give artificial respiration must be pre provide fresh air. In cardiac massage is carried out through the outer chest.

If the product enters into the body - to induce vomiting.

Giving into the 1% solution of copper sulfate (1 g. Per 100 g per 100 g of water every five minutes on a teaspoon or 0.1% solution of potassium permanganate (1 g per 1 liter. Water) on the table spoon every 15 minutes before the onset of emesis or vomiting by artificially cause mechanical irritation of the posterior pharyngeal wall.

      It is strictly forbidden to give milk, castor oil, eggs, vegetable oils and animal fats. Displaying rich alkaline water (a teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of water) or mineral water. 

      In all cases of poisoning, you must call the doctor. With the weakening of cardiac heart funds are used: camphor, caffeine, kordiamin. Intravenous - 40% solution of glucose (20-30ml.) Ascorbic acid (300 mg.). In case of violation of the respiratory function - inhalation of oxygen, bronchodilators, codeine. According to testimony carried out artificial respiration, subcutaneously administered 1% solution of lobeline (1 ml.) Or tsititona (1 ml.).

      In the case of inhalational poisoning is recommended to give maximum doses of glucocorticoids (500-1000 mg. Of prednisolone on the first day).

      In blocking the respiratory enzyme systems necessary to carry out replacement (exchange) transfusion. In severe cases, bleeding should be performed (200-300 ml. Of blood), but only if the maximum blood pressure 105-100 mmHg below. Art.

      In chronic poisoning, you must assign a restorative treatment, high-calorie diet, calcium supplements and vitamin C. When poisoning severe and moderate degree of the victim should be hospitalized.

      Upon contact of the skin with the remnants of these drugs need to skin, rinse with soap and water or a weak solution of baking soda.










ANNEX   1.


Date / DATE: ___ / ___ / 201_

Port / PORT OF: Odessa /  Odessa .                          







WARNING: fumigation of goods on board the vessel performed in accordance with the IMO Recommendations for safe use of pesticides on board ships.



     Hereby notifies that the fumigation of cargo in the holds of 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 will be used ________ preparation containing phosphine PH3.

You are hereby notified that Phosphine fumigant PH3 will be used to treat cargo in holds 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.


     Fumigation is done in accordance with the requirements of the "Guidelines for the safe use pestetsidov on ships (IMO, 1996)" and the instructions of the manufacturer.

The fumigation will be done in accordance with I.M.O. recommendations and instructions of fumigant producer.


Master of the vessel must:

The captain of ship needs:

1. Ensure a fumigator all the necessary information about the construction of the vessel (ventilation ducts, pipelines, tunnels) state which can allow fumigant leak from one room to another, such as cofferdams, ballast lines, all-weather corridors, pitching tunnels, pipelines, sewage) as well as the state of the system of fire alarm and irrigation, electric cable Thras et al. 

Will provide fumigation officer with all necessary information about the structural features of the vessel (vent channels, pipelines, tunnels) the state of which can allow fumigant to leak out from one apartment in other, like cofferdams, ballast pipelines, all weathers corridors, careening tunnel, pipelines of sewages), and also the state of the system of the fire-prevention signaling and irrigation, electro- cable lines and other.

2. Do not close the lid holds, manhole hatches, doors tambuchin to complete fumigation work on the ship.

Not to close the lids of holds, hatches of manholes, until full completion of fumigation works on the vessel.


     I hereby confirm receipt of the following documents:

I hereby acknowledge receipt of the following documents:


The act of readiness of cargo holds of the vessel and to the fumigation.


The scheme of distribution of the fumigant for disinfection of cargo in the holds.


Official Certificate of readiness for the gassing of cargo and security measures in flight during degassing and unloading cargo.


Fire safety measures. Symptoms of poisoning and first aid measures.


List issued by the ship funds and gas analysis gazozaschity.


The list of medikamntov, instrkmentariya to assist priotravlenii phosphine.


Fumigation certificate.



     In addition, I confirm that the design of the vessel discussed fumigated and me, and found that it does not have space to allow penetration of gas from cargo holds in the space occupied by the crew.

I further confirm that the fumigator and I have discussed the structure of this vessel and determine that there are no means for gas to escape from cargo holds to areas occupied by the crew.







Master of  M/V « _____________»:     ___________________                      SHIP'S ___________






Applicator in charge of fumigation:

Specialist performing fumigation: ____________________                     fumigation Company Stamp











Date / DATE: ___ / _____ / 201_

Port / PORT OF: Odessa /  Odessa .                          


                                  Captain M / V " _________ " .

                               Master of the M/V « _______ ».


   This certificate is that the cargo holds №№_ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.

   Hereby is confirmed, that cargo holds NN_ 1, 2, 3, 4. 5.


The vessel has been inspected and found fit for fumigation in them _________ ( name of the goods) phosphine.

Of the vessel were examined and are recognized suitable for fumigation in them  ______  by phosphine.

The design of the vessel, cargo holds, ventilation hatch, residential and office space provides the safety of the crew in the fumigation of cargo in flight, its degassing and unloading at the port.

The construction of the vessel, cargo holds, system of ventilation of holds, inhabited and office accommodations are provides safety to the crew at fumigation of a cargo in the voyage, degassing it and discharging.

     For fumigation is required before   completion of loading  to hold the following additional measures:

In order to perform fumigation it is necessary to COMPLETION OF LOADING to carry out the following additional actions:

1. Carefully seal all the passages that connect the cargo hold with the other rooms.

Carefully germetizated (seal) all courses/tunnels connecting cargo hold with other rooms.

2. Close / seal ventilation of cargo holds.

To close /  germetizated ventilation of cargo holds.


4. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________


5 .____________________________________________________________________________________________________



Master of M/V « ________»:       _______________________       SHIP'S ___________


Applicator in charge of fumigation

Specialist performing fumigation: _________________________      fumigation Stamp Company \




Date / DATE: ___ / ___ / 201_

Port / PORT OF: Odessa /  Odessa .                          


                       TRAFFIC SAFETY flight, during degassing Georgia and discharging.




     Crew members are free to move around the ship during the voyage, but the following minimum precautions must be observed:                                                                                                                                                                                     

The members of crew can freely move on the vessel during of all trip, but the followings minimum cautions must be observed:


Do not make repairs Bilge and ventilation systems! / NOT TO MAKE REPAIRS HOLD AND VENT SYSTEMS!

           During the voyage the first three days with an interval of 8 hours, and subsequently 1 time a day appointed by order of Captain of the crew determined by smell, then the presence of phosphine gas analyzers in the workplace decks, ICE, residential and office space. The inspection results are recorded in the logbook.                                                                                                                                                 

      During first three days of the voyage with an interval 8 hours, and then 1 one time per a day the appointed by order of captain the members of crew should determine by a smell, and then by gas analyzers the presence of phosphin on the workplaces of decks, Engine room, dwellings and official apartments. Control results are added to the log-book.

           When gas is detected, immediately leave the area or room and evacuate people. Then, masks determine leakage of fumigant and further eliminate its sealing and then verify the absence of gas in this zone. The work of people subject to the content of phosphine in the air no more than 0.1 mg / m³, and residential and commercial buildings not more than 0.01 mg / m³. In case if finding out the gas immediately is needed to abandon this area or apartment and evacuate people. Then in gas-masks to define the place of loss of fumigant and remove it's by additional germetization / sealing, whereupon to make sure in absence of the gas in this area. The work of people allowed if concentration of gas phosphine in open air no more than 0,1 mg / cub.m., And in living area and office area no more than 0,01 mg / cub.m ..

           Prohibited depressurization holds and opening their lids open vent heads holds, ventilation ducts, manholes manhole before the expiration of exposure specified in the documents and the warning label on the holds and Lazy.Encapsulation of holds and opening of their lids, opening of vent heads of holds, vent ducting's, hatches of manholes is forbidden up to completion of the exposure period, indicated in the documents and on warning stickers on holds and manholes.


     After the expiry of the exposure time (or no less than 48 hours before the arrival in the port of discharge) must be open diffusers holds for degassing vessel on the move and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen degassing:

1. Partially or fully open the lid holds, if the weather conditions are favorable;

2. When using a recirculation system does not turn off the fans to complete degassing.

After completion finishing of the specified time of exposure period (or not less than for 48 hours before arrival in port of discharge) it is necessary to open vent heads of holds to perform degassing in motion of the vessel and adopt other necessary measures for strengthening of degassing:

1. Partially or completely to open hatch covers of holds if weather good conditions;

2. If use recirculation system don`t turn off fans until gas free.

     Before opening the vent heads holds the vessel must be battened down doors and windows (especially the front bulkhead) in the premises of the superstructure deck, and the deck removed, persons not involved in the work of degassing.

Before opening of vent heads of holds – ALL doors and portholes on the vessel (especially in front side), doors at superstructure, must be tightly closed down. All persons not participating in degassing work, must be remove from a deck.

     Degassing must be carried out at the side wind currents. / Degassing must be conducted at the lateral streams of wind.

     Opening vent heads holds should be carried out gradually, starting with the holds are on the leeward side and move upwind. If you smell phosphine necessary to use a gas mask. Do not go into the holds and manholes as long as the content is reduced to the phosphine sanitary permissible limits.                                                              

Opening of vent heads of holds must be conducted gradually, starting from the holds of leeward side and to finishing the holds against the wind. At appearance of smell of phosphine it is necessarily to use a gas-mask. Do not enter in holds and manholes until concentration of phosphine will not go down to the sanitary possible norms.

When degassing is necessary to carry out periodic monitoring of air ship superstructure Shop Units for the presence of phosphine. During degassing it is necessary to conduct periodic control of the air on presence of phosphine at vessel apartments and offices.

                                    MEASURES unloading. / MEASURES AT DISCHARGING.

     After arriving in port the crew opens the hatches and manhole cover zafumigirovannyh holds. Work carried out in the gas masks, being downwind. Portholes and doors ship premises must be battened down. After arrival in port a crew opens manhole hatches and lids of holds. To perform all operation wearing gas-masks, and stayed from leeward.Portholes and entrance doors of superstructure must be tightly closed down.

     After one hour of degassing removed fumislivy (if used), which is split with the remnants of the drug, collating their number according to the scheme of location, and their subsequent destruction. Next, the measurement of the concentration of fumigant in the air nadzernovogo space if the phosphine concentration greater than 0.1 mg / m³, airing holds continues to secure a concentration of 0.1 mg / m³, and then allowed to discharge.                                                                                                                

In one hour of degassing, fumisleeves must be removed (in case if they were used) with residual the tablets, comparing their amount on a layout chart, with subsequent their utilization (usually by special company). The next step is measuring of concentration of the gas in open air above grain surface, if the concentration of gas phosphine exceeds 0,1 mg/cub.m., the ventilation of holds must proceed until the safe concentration, and only then unloading is permitted.

     In the process of unloading periodically determine the concentration of phosphine in the air holds. Upon completion of discharge and remove manhole holds all the stickers with warning labels, "Danger! Phosphine! Poison! "                                                                  

During discharge the concentrations of gas phospfin must be occasionally determined in open air near the holds. Upon discharge completion all stickers with warning label «Dangerous! Phosphin! Poison!» need to be removed from holds and manholes.



Master of M/V « ___________ »:       ______________________         SHIP'S ____________________





Applicator in charge of fumigation:

Specialist performing fumigation: _______________________         fumigation Company Stamp





ANNEX   5.


Date / DATE: ___ / ____ / 201_

Port / PORT OF: Odessa /  Odessa .                          




                                         Risk of fire - a factor that requires the utmost care in handling and use of aluminum phosphide.     A Danger of Fire is A factor Which Requires A Maximum carefulness in circulation and use of aluminum phosphide of.         

                                             To reduce the risk of spontaneous combustion of aluminum phosphide tablets coated with paraffin, which slows the penetration of moisture and helps to "control" the rate of decomposition of the tablet.                                                                        

                                        For diminishing of danger of spontaneous combustion of pill of phosphide of aluminium paraffin, which slows penetration of moisture and helps to «control» speed of decomposition of pill.                                                              


                                             In the case of using water for fire extinguishing prohibited (water accelerates decomposition of tablets wherein a large amount of phosphine together with phosphoric acid).                                                                          

                                        In case of fire using water for extinguishing is forbidden (water accelerates decomposition of pills, plenty of fosfina is here selected along with phosphoric acid).

                                         Put out the fire, you must use sand, carbon dioxide or dry powder extinguishers.                                  Extinguishing A Fire is Necessary by Sand, carbon dioxide or powder-like Fire-extinguishers.

                                             Hydrogen phosphide (phosphine) - a toxic gas for all forms of life, plant and animal, including humans.                                                                                                                                                                               Phosphorous hydrogen (fosfin) is Toxic Gas for All Forms of Life, Animal and vegetable, Including A Man.                     

                                             Approved masks can be used at a concentration of phosphine in 15 ppm, but when the concentration exceeds 15 ppm, or unknown devices shall apply compressed air (ACB).                                                                                      

                              The approved gas-masks can be used to the concentration of fosfina in 15 ppm, but when a concentration exceeds 15 ppm or unknown, the vehicles of the compressed air(AСV) must be used.


                                         Maximum allowable concentration for phosphine 0,1 ppm (or 0,14 mg / m3).                                                       

                                     Maximum possible concentration for fosfin  of 0,1 ppm ( or 0,14 mg/m3).


     Note: The maximum permissible concentration (MPC) - a number of hazardous gas in an atmosphere in which people can work without any dangerous consequences 8 hours a day for 5 days a week.     

Note: maximum a possible concentration  is an amount of dangerous gas in an air environment, at which a man can work without what or hazard effects 8 hours in a day during 5 days in a week.                                                                                                                                                     


     This value is typically expressed in parts per million (ppm) in air volume.                                                   

This size is expressed usually in parts on million(ppm) in the volume of air.


Symptoms of poisoning and first-aid.



     Hydrogen phosphide (phosphine) - a colorless gas with a smell of garlic or commercial carbide. Specific gravity - 1.17 (17% heavier than air).

Phosphorous hydrogen (fosfin) is colourless gas with the smell of garlic or   commercial carbide. Specific gravity – 1,17 (on 17% heavier than air).

     Weak poisoning causes fatigue, anxiety, tinnitus, nausea, chest pressure. All these symptoms usually disappear when the victim take out into the fresh air.                                                                                              

The weak poisoning is caused by feeling of fatigue, anxieties, tingle, nausea, pressure in a breast. All these signs disappear usually, when sufferer is taken away on crisp air.

     Moderate poisoning leads to a general fatigue, nausea, gastrointestinal disorders, accompanied by vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, loss of balance, severe pain in the chest and difficulty in breathing.

The moderate poisoning results in a general fatigue, nausea, gastro enteric disorders, to attended with vomiting, pain in a stomach, diarrhea, loss of equilibrium, great pains in a breast and difficulties in breathing.

     Severe poisoning leads to difficulty in breathing, blue-violet color, difficulty in walking, lack of oxygen content in the blood, unconsciousness and, as a consequence of all the above, to the death, which may occur immediately or within a few days.

The strong poisoning results in difficulty in breathing, to the indigo blue of skin, difficulties in walking, to low maintenance of oxygen in blood, to the unconscious state and, as a result of all transferred, to death which can come at once or in a few days.

     First Aid Measures Inhalation of Gas: Remove victim to fresh air and keep him warm and lying down. Treat as in shock.As soon as possible, call a physician.

Measures of the first aid at breathing  the gas: to take away sufferer on crisp air and hold him in a heat and shut-in. To treat as at Shock. As quick as possible to cause a doctor.

     Do not use as antidotes fats, butter or milk. The following measures are proposed for use by the physician in accordance with his experience: if the patient suffers from vomiting or an increase in blood sugar, it is necessary to give him the necessary solutions, we recommend the use of oxygen mask, as well as a cardiac stimulant.                                                                                                                                                                                  

Not to use as an antidote fats, butter or milk. The followings extent are offered for the use a doctor in accordance with his experience: if a patient suffers from vomiting or increase of sugar in blood, it is necessary to give him necessary solutions, application of oxygen pillow is recommended, similarly as well as cardio stimulant.

     In case of severe poisoning when there is pulmonary edema, necessarily apply steroid therapy, and constant medical supervision is recommended at least 48 hours.                                                                                                                     

In the case of the heavy poisoning, when a pulmonary edema is, steroid therapy is necessarily used, and a permanent medical supervision is recommended at least 48 hours.



Master of M/V « _________ »:         _______________________          SHIP'S ____________


Applicator in charge of fumigation:

Specialist performing fumigation: ______________________          fumigation Company Stamp






















ANNEX   6.


Date / DATE: ___ / _____ / 201_

Port / PORT OF: Odessa /  Odessa .                          

                 LIST OF VEHICLES AND GAZOZASCHITY gas analysis are transmitted to the VESSEL fumigation services.




I the undersigned, captain of the M / V ______ ", acknowledge receipt of the following means of gas analysis and gazozaschity of phosphine:

I, the undersigned, Master of the M/V «________», acknowledge receipt of the following safety equipment:


1.   2 gas masks (masks) and 2 filter by phosphine / Gas masks and canisters ;

2 . 1 extractor / Gas pump ;

3 . 20 detector tubes in the range of 0.1 - 4.0ppm. / 20 Gas Detection tubes 0.1 - 4.0 ppm .



      I also certify that the gas analyzers and remedies taken on board and working properly. Gas analyzers are provided with respective Ukrainian and international GOST certificate.

I confirm also, that gas analyzers and facilities of defense are delivered on a shipboard and work regularly. Gas analyzers are supplied the proper Ukrainian and international Certificates GOST.

     Members of the crew instructed in their use and can skillfully use them.

The members of crew of ship are instructed on their application and skilled can apply them.

     The ship's crew is familiar with safety measures, signs of poisoning with phosphine, in the care of the poisoning and have on-board facilities for this assistance. 

The crew of ship is familiar with measures on safety, by the signs of poisoning fosfin, by the methods of helping at poisoning and have aboard a mean for providing of this help.


Master of M/V « _________»:            ____________________         SHIP'S ____________

Applicator in charge of fumigation:

Specialist performing fumigation: _____________________       fumigation Company Stamp























List of medicines and medical tools that should be on the ship for medical assistance at phosphine poisoning cases.


Наименование / The name

Number / Quantity

Oxygen tanks filled / Oxygen pillows filled

2 pcs.

Warmers / Grelki

2 pcs.

Бесалол или бекарбон или белалгин / Besalol or bekarbon or belalgin

60 pcs.

Caffeine 20% solution, 2 ml / Cofein 20% a solution

10 amp.

Camphor oil, 20%, 2 mL / Camfor oil

10 amp.

Kordiamin 2ml. / Cordamin

10 amp.

Glucose 40% solution with askorbin. Acid, 2 ml. / Glukoza

10 amp. or bottle

Диазепам / Diazepam

20 doses.

Bluestone / Copper cuporos

10 um.

Марганцовокислый калий / Potassium permanganate

10 mg.

Дибутамин / Dibutamin

500 mg.

Magnesium sulfate (or saline laxative) /

Magnesium sulfate (or saline laxative)      

100 g

Soda / Baking soda

200 g

Powdered activated carbon / Activated coal in a powder


Disposable syringes 2.0, 5.0, 10.0 / Syringes expendable

2 pcs.

Needle for subcutaneous and / in the introduction /

Needle for under a skin and in/in introductions

10 pcs.

Роторасширитель /  Mouth to expand

1 pc.

Языкодержатель  /  Tang  holder

1 pc.

Probes for gastric lavage / Probes for washing a stomach

2 pcs.

Shears / Scissors

Two pairs

Harness rubber / rubber

1 pc.

Bandages, cotton, napkins, cups, beakers /

Bandage, cotton wool, napkin


In necessary quantity

Спиртовка / Spiritlamp




Master of M/V « »:     _____________________       SHIP'S ___________




Applicator in charge of fumigation:











ACT of readiness to gassing.



                                                                                                                                                                                 Настоящим подтверждается, что после проведенных подготовительных мероприятий, описанных в фумигационных документах, грузовые помещения и судно «_________», готово к проведению фумигации груза препаратами на основе фосфина.


            Confirmed actual, that after the conducted preparatory action, described at fumigation documents, cargo holds and ship of  M/V «______», are ready for fumigation of cargo by PHOSPHINE fumigant.










Master of M/V « _________ »:  _________________________     SHIP'S ___________






Applicator in charge of fumigation:

Specialist performing fumigation: ______________________      fumigation Company Stamp





Date / DATE: ____ / ____ / 201_

Port / PORT OF: Odessa /  Odessa .                                                   


POINT LOCATION TOOL tightness control of holds before the flight.


m / v /   " ________ "                                                

Cargo cargo :   _________ / _________

Port of destination disch . p ort : _____________

Drug fumigant : Phostoxsin Round tablets aluminum phosphide ALP Detia Freyberg GmbH .

Fumigation company / fumigation Company : LLC "GRASP." /  LLC  ""

POINT LOCATION TOOL tightness control of holds before the flight.        

«•» - control point /  control points                           "x" - leaks phosphine / leaks of phosphine



Master of M/V «__________»:   _______________________      SHIP'S __________





Applicator in charge of fumigation:

Specialist performing fumigation: _______________________       fumigation Company Stamp                                 



ANNEX 3.                                                                                                                      

Date / DATE: ___ / ______ / 201_

Port / PORT OF: Odessa /  Odessa .                          



m / v /   " _______ "                                   Load cargo :   ______________

Flag Flag : ____________                              holds Volume / Hold Capacity -                  cbm .


Fumigation company / fumigation Company : LLC "GRASP." /  LLC  ""

Port of destination disch . P ort _____________

Препарат fumigant : Phostoxsin round tablets (aluminum phosphide (ALP) Detia Freyberg GmbH.

Fumigant / Total amount of fumigant    -            kg.

About - Place of fixing the ends of fumislivov / Rlace of fixing of the ends from fumisleeves

Количесво фумисливов Total of fumisleeves:  - fumisleeves                          

                                                                         Hold 5                     Hold 4                  Hold 3                 Hold 2                  Hold  1

                                                                        _______  cbm.     _              cbm.     _                 cbm.   _                 cbm.    _                   _cbm.

Fumigation PLAN               



Master of M/V «  __________ »:   _______________________      SHIP'S _________                                       



Applicator in charge of fumigation:

Specialist performing fumigation: ____________________       fumigation Company Stamp





CB _______


             We hereby certify that we have performed the following works under the supervision of the representative of the State Plant Quarantine of Ukraine:


Date:             /   ____201__

Application time:                      -                    LT

Method of application:  Fumigation with use short probe and recirculation system.

Fumigant Used:  (aluminum phosphide (ALP).

Dosage:        gr. / cbm.

Exposure time: 120 hours (5 days).

Degassing time: until gas free.

Holds treated:  1, 2, 3, 4, 5.

Temperature of cargo:   ____        0C

Temperature:    ___  _     0C

Port of loading: Odessa, Ukraine

Port of fumigation: Odessa, Ukraine

Destination: ______________

Shipment per:  __________________


Quantity:                        _    _       MT._


Chief of fumigation division________________           Master of the above mentioned vessel ________________ 

                                                                                           (for receipt only




The administration of a vessel must be carefully follow recommendations described in the «Instruction on

technology grain and oilseeds on a vessel», transferred aboard of a vessel by the fumigation company.